>> NARRATOR: A year ago, we brought you the stories of refugees and migrants trying to get to the west.
They hoped it was over.
>> "Send them home" they chant.
>> Right wing nationalist parties have boomed in popularity... >> NARRATOR: It was only the beginning.
>> I am waiting for my fate to be told.
That Europe either gave me a life or death.
>> NARRATOR: Now, the story of what happened next.
>> NARRATOR: For those risking everything for a better life.
>> NARRATOR: Tonight, the journey continues.
"Exodus", a special "Frontline" presentation.
>> (whispering): Go, go.
♪ ♪ (dog barking) ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ >> NARRATOR: Since 2015, over one-and-a-half million refugees and migrants have smuggled themselves to the West, fleeing war and poverty.
(loud explosion) >> NARRATOR: But the countries they dreamed of reaching have changed.
>> A bloodbath in the heart of Europe.
>> A target of several terrorist attacks in just the past year.
>> NARRATOR: Borders have tightened... (shouting) ...and, in places, public opinion has turned against them.
>> I call it extreme vetting.
>> Do not come to Europe.
It is all for nothing.
>> NARRATOR: Filmed over the past three years, across 31 countries, this is the ongoing story of an exodus.
(laughing) (people shouting) >> "Refugees go home."
>> Through the eyes of those trying to find safety in Europe and America.
♪ ♪ (water splashing) (coughing) (Azizzulah singing): >> London is far from Serbia?
Yeah, quite far.
>> You got to go Serbia, Hungary... ...Austria, Germany, France, U.K. Be careful.
(indistinct chatter) (indistinct chatter) (man): (Azizzulah): ♪ ♪ (gunshots) (rapid gunfire) (shouting) (gunshots) (siren blaring) ♪ ♪ (chuckles) (children playing) (chuckles) (Lateef): (giggling) (Nazifah): (giggling) (giggling) ♪ ♪ Na, na, na!
♪ ♪ (clapping) (cars passing) (children playing) (Lateef and and daughter conversing): (children playing) (children playing) (Nazifa): (sobbing) ♪ ♪ (singing): ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ (children playing) (indistinct chatter) (playful screaming) (laughter) (boy shouting) (indistinct chatter) (Tarek counting in German) (woman repeating numbers) (woman speaking German): (repeating in German) (indistinct chatter) (woman): (woman on TV): (baby fussing) (Tarek): (sniffles) (children playing) (fake groaning) (imitating gunfire) (laughter) (Isra'a): (children playing) (laughing) ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ (Tarek): (zipping bag) (Isra'a): (Isra'a speaking German) ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ (Isra'a): ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ (cheering) ♪ ♪ (indistinct chatter) (laughter) (indistinct chatter) (teacher speaking German): (indistinct chatter) ♪ ♪ (laughing) ♪ ♪ (indistinct chatter) (Tarek): (kids shouting) >> Germany takes in more refugees than any other E.U.
>> Europe does not speak with one voice.
>> The controversial closing of the Balkans route from migrants.
>> More than a quarter of a century after they tore down the iron curtain, they're putting fences back up again.
>> A four-meter-high border fence runs for a 110 miles and is topped with razor wire.
>> ...separating Hungary from Serbia.
>> Hungary has deployed up to 10,000 police and soldiers.
♪ ♪ (wind howling) (wind howling) (man): (wind howling) (Aziz): >> This is my... What's the name in English?
>> Your underwear.
(phone ringing) Hello?
>> What-what I saying in English, my shoes is... Like take the water.
>> Your shoes are getting wet.
>> Sorry, English is not good.
But I try.
(din of the traffic) ♪ ♪ (man): (Aziz): ♪ ♪ (indistinct chatter) (indistinct chatter) ♪ ♪ (sobbing) (sobbing) (sobbing) ♪ ♪ (din of the crowd) "What is your name?"
(laughing) (cars passing) (indistinct chatter) ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ >> I'm establishing measures to keep radical Islamic terrorists out of the United States of America.
>> America's entire refugee admissions program has been suspended for four months.
>> Nationals from seven countries: Syria, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan.
>> Denied entry to all refugees and anyone from seven mainly Muslim countries.
>> I call it extreme vetting, right-- extreme vetting.
I want extreme-- it's going to be so tough.
It's going to be only America first.
(cheers and applause) (children shouting) ♪ ♪ (children playing) >> That's my mom.
>> This is my sister Layla.
♪ ♪ (man on television): (Saed): ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ >> We are in downtown Lincoln, Nebraska.
I never imagined to be outside my country or my area.
It's not easy to leave all the memories, your friends, your place, and everything where you grow up and leave everything behind and go far away, but we have to.
♪ ♪ >> It's time to work.
♪ ♪ (woman singing) ♪ ♪ >> This is my picture when I was a translator with the U.S. Army.
It was a good job, but it was dangerous too.
This guy's been captured by ISIS, and no one know anything about him so far, but I think they kill him.
When they know we are working with the U.S. Army, we are the first target for them.
♪ ♪ >> Some of the thousands of members of Iraq's Yazidi minority fleeing the advance and the brutality of the Islamic State.
>> They speak of mass killings and forced conversions.
>> Over 5,000 men, women and children were taken.
>> Yazidis are haunted by what happened to them.
>> The Islamic State's use of captured women as sex slaves.
In fact, has even issued official guidance on the practice.
Women can be bought, sold, traded as gifts.
>> The fighter laughs and says, "It costs more for a girl with blue eyes."
♪ ♪ (Saed): (interviewer): (wind howling) (sighs) (birds chirping) ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ (children playing) (cooing) (door creaking) ♪ ♪ (Nazifa): (Lateef): (crying) (crying) (weeping) ♪ ♪ (Lateef): (girl): ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ (speaking foreign language) (laughter) >> In summer, there a lot of people, but now it's the weather is a bit cold, and that's why there is not much things, but I come like three to four times a week for swimming.
(song playing on radio) (Afghan song playing) >> Yeah, this is Afghan song.
(song continues playing) (laughing) (whooping) (song continues playing) (Sadiq): (man): (laughter) >> I had a good life in Afghanistan, but when I was targeted by Taliban, I had to flee, otherwise I would have been killed.
♪ ♪ When the borders opened, then just straight away I flee from Afghanistan.
♪ ♪ It took 45 days.
I passed from 11 countries.
♪ ♪ I many times told my friends, "Look how European people are good and kind."
♪ ♪ Here is freedom, freedom of everything.
(chuckling) >> It's going to be cold.
♪ ♪ >> Now I go to Finland.
♪ ♪ Hey!
This is winter in Finland, how does it look?
Every place is covered by snow.
Every place is snow, snow, snow.
♪ ♪ Whoo!
(laughter) >> This is my room, 213B.
And this is the room where I spend my days and nights.
Hey, salam, salam.
They are my friends.
>> Yeah, here's Mr. Abbas.
He is one of my other best friends, Shukrullah, we came together from Greece and he is busy to study Finnish language.
And a very nice view to outside.
And this is my bed, and it is quite comfortable to sleep to make myself relax.
And the very important thing is the papers, these are the papers how I schedule my programs and my events.
For example, I have an event called "Networking Your Way Into A Job, Part One."
And if the paper is here, so I usually not forget my event.
I was thinking all that I need to do is just to reach Finland, I will get asylum, I will get a job, I will get a flat and I will start a normal life here.
But I was rejected.
(din of traffic) ♪ ♪ >> I did appeal and I am waiting for the decision.
♪ ♪ Here are a lot of locks.
And these are for-for lovers.
(laughing) The bicycle lock.
(laughs) "Refugees go home."
>> Salam, salam.
(sighs) (chuckles) >> Does it feel good to welcome your friends to your own house?
♪ ♪ >> Asylum seekers say it's not safe for them to return.
>> The Taliban has been growing in strength.
>> 18,000 civilians have been killed or injured since 2015.
>> The Taliban still controls large swaths of the country.
>> Do you know that like one week ago I have moved to my friend's flat, Abbas, and I am living now here.
Everything was okay since a few minutes ago.
I received a call from my lawyer and told me that, "Sadiq, I have bad news for you."
And the news was that immigration office and the administrative court have rejected you again.
It means that you cannot stay in Finland."
So I don't know, I don't know what to do.
I have locked the door, let me just show you.
Look, in the door there is like a chain and I have put that one in order to lock, or if police come, at least they cannot enter in the room and I can-- I can easily escape from somewhere.
I have thought that if police come, I will jump from here.
(passing car) I have no choice.
If I don't jump, so the police will catch me, and will send me by force to Afghanistan.
(sniffling) (sighs) There are seven billion people in the world.
Cannot do anything for only one million displaced people, refugees.
Hey, seven... seven billion people in the world, you cannot help Sadiq?
There is not anybody to raise their voice and say, "Hey Sadiq, I'm with you, I'm going to support you."
(shaky breathing) ♪ ♪ (shouting) >> Attempts to cross the Mediterranean are up this year.
>> Nearly 2,400 people have drowned making the journey.
>> The migrants themselves come mostly from Sub-Saharan Africa.
They're fleeing poverty and repression.
(exhalations) (Moussa): >> You've got the Spanish enclaves of Melilla and Ceuta, which have barriers that separate them from the rest of Morocco, built to stop immigration and smuggling.
(people shouting) >> 70 Sub-Saharan Africans migrants were injured when they tried to get through the razor-wire-topped fence.
>> This is the moment where their struggle to enter Europe was stopped at the top of a six meter barbed wire fence facing rows of Spanish officers waiting to turn them back to Morocco.
(music playing in distance) (Moussa): (sizzling) (breathing heavily) (breathing heavily) (wind howling) (camera operator): (Moussa): (indistinct chatter) ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ (Moussa): >> More than a thousand people surprised the Moroccan border patrol and ran for the fence.
>> Hundreds of migrants entered Spanish territory in North Africa on Friday.
Upon arrival they shouted, "Freedom."
(shouting) ♪ ♪ (Aziz): (people chanting) >> "Merkel must go," they chant.
This is the backlash against Germany's generous refugee policy.
>> The right wing has been making spectacular gains here in Germany in the last couple of years.
The AfD, or Alternative for Germany, has only existed for three years.
But in that time, it's attracted lost of support for its anti-migrant views.
(people chanting) (sirens blaring) >> Danke.
(chanting) (camera operator): (crowd chanting): (chanting continues) (Tarek): (woman shouting in German) (cheering) (Tarek): (people chanting) (Isra'a): (giggling) (camera clicks) (giggling) >> Whoa!
(laughing) ♪ ♪ (chuckles) ♪ ♪ (giggling) >> ♪ Despacito ♪ (snapping fingers) ♪ Despacito Despacito ♪ (giggling) ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ (Tarek): ♪ ♪ (children shouting) (children playing outside) (Arzu): (baby fussing) >> Mama!
♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ (playful shouting) (giggling) ♪ ♪ (Lateef): (girl crying) ♪ ♪ (Nazifa): ♪ ♪ (traditional music playing) >> I am now in Espana, in Spain.
And it's a really good city and nice people.
(indistinct chatter) Ciao.
♪ ♪ (bells tolling) >> I am going to visit my lawyer because my pressures are too much on me.
If within two next days my appeal is not sent to supreme court then the police can come and take me.
>> Okay, have a seat.
(desk whirring) >> What do you think about my case, will supreme court take this or not because I hear that only they take one from 1,000 case.
>> It's true that the highest court administration, they don't take most of the cases.
It's very few which they take, and therefore we have to give them more details.
>> In order to succeed.
But they do take decisions.
We had one client, and we get good reasons, and they stopped the process.
>> In supreme court.
>> In supreme court, yeah.
>> If the decision doesn't go Sadiq's way, what would happen to him?
>> Well, basically, then the state tries to send him back to Afghanistan, and it can happen either voluntarily, or if the person doesn't accept that then they try to make it unvoluntarily.
>> By force.
>> By force, yeah.
Then the person can be sent back.
♪ ♪ (people chanting) (people chanting) (people shouting) ♪ ♪ (people chanting) >> "Send them home.
Send them home," they chant.
(people chanting) >> Right wing nationalist parties have boomed in popularity on the continent.
(cheering) >> Anti-Islam, anti-immigrant, anti-Euro.
Its leader recently suggested German border guards shoot refugees.
♪ ♪ >> Hello.
(chuckles) (Lateef): (crying softly) ♪ ♪ >> Supreme court took my case, and gave me another chance to be interviewed by immigration office.
And I call that interview of my life.
(lawyer): ♪ ♪ >> I am waiting for my fate to be told.
That Europe either gave me a life or death.
I hope they give me life.
♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ (Nazifa): ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ >> Go to pbs.org/frontline to watch the first "Exodus" film, which aired in 2016.
Then, find out more about Europe's response to the migrant and refugee crisis... >> "Send them home," they chant.
>> And more about America's refugee policies under the Trump administration.
>> I call it extreme vetting... >> Connect to the "Frontline" community on Facebook and Twitter.
And if stories like this matter to you, then sign up for our newsletter at pbs.org/frontline.
>> NARRATOR: As tensions between the U.S. and North Korea mount, a rare glimpse inside the regime.
>> The half-brother of North Korea's leader was assassinated using toxic nerve agent... >> NARRATOR: The story of who killed Kim Jong Un's half-brother and the North Korean leader's deadly rule.
>> I think Kim Jong Un wanted to make a point to any would-be rivals, "I can kill you in any manner."
>> Kim Jong Un, in order to survive, he had to conduct politics, and politics inside North Korea is a blood sport.
♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ >> For more on this and other "Frontline" programs, visit our website at pbs.org/frontline.
♪ ♪ "Frontline's" "Exodus: The Journey Continues" is available on DVD.
To order, visit shopPBS.org or call 1-800-PLAY-PBS.
"Frontline" is also available for download on iTunes.